If you have a history of depression or anxiety, you might be at increased risk of the same during pregnancy. While the use of antidepressants during pregnancy in the US has increased from 2% in 1997 to over 7% in 2008, in a controversial review,
the Journal of the American Medical Association Pediatrics suggested that taking antidepressants during pregnancy could double the child’s risk of autism, from about 1% to 2%.
However, a growing body of research suggests that probiotics could be safe and effective in treating pregnant women (and their respective newborns), as stress resulted in higher levels of pathogenic bacteria in both mother and newborn with lower levels of healthy bacteria. Babies born of high stress mothers are more likely to have allergies, intestinal disorders with negative impacts on the brain, and behavior development (stress and the commensal microbiota, Tamra L. Gur, 2/15).
In 2011, a peer reviewed study showed, that 30 days after taking two strains of “good” bacteria—Lactobacillus helveticusand Bifidobacterium longum—subjects showed decreased anxiety, depression, anger, and hostility, perhaps because these bacteria release substances that reduce inflammation.
Compelling evidence shows that probiotics can positively impact your skin in a multitude of ways. The antimicrobial properties of probiotics ward off infections, allow for faster healing, and reduce redness/inflammation by eliminating the bacteria that cause these issues, which is also applicable to sunburn recovery. Wow! Who knew probiotics had so many additional health benefits?!
Did you know that probiotics can largely impact a newborn's susceptibility to acid reflux during the first year of infancy? Recent studies show that gastric episodes were decreased by up to 75% when probiotics were introduced to the children. How neat is that?!
In perhaps the largest research study of its kind, new data reveals that specific gut bacteria are involved in Crohn’s Disease. Biopsies taken from patients with Crohn’s Disease revealed that certain beneficial microbes showed up in lesser amounts, while harmful bacteria flourished. The use of antibiotics in this illness was also reviewed, due to itkilling protective microbes, triggering bowel inflammation, andworseningpatients symptoms. The study is paving the way for the use of novel probiotic therapies in this illness.